Gender-Sensitive Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (G-CVCA) and Community Adaptation and Action Planning (CAAP) Development ELBARDE DFAT 7
Action Against Hunger tackles the causes and effects of hunger and diseases that threaten the lives of vulnerable children, women and men.
Established in France in 1979, Action Against Hunger is a nongovernmental, non-political, non-religious, non-profit organisation.
The Somali Resilience Programme (SomReP) is a consortium of seven international non-governmental organizations (INGO). SomReP works to enhance the resilience of chronically vulnerable households, communities and systems across Somalia/land. In 2011 and 2017 there were droughts which consequently led to famine in the region. In 2018 even though there was improved precipitation, flash floods and strong winds caused additional shocks which exposed the deficiencies in the government system toward the response of shocks which among others included: weak human and institutional capacity, lack of effective policies and regulations at the government level geared toward supporting Somalia’s vulnerable populations and the increasing fragmentation and instability in the country.
The Somali Resilience Program (SomReP) adopts an ambitious approach to tackle the challenges that come due to recurrent droughts and the chronic vulnerability among Somali pastoralists, agro-pastoralists, and peri-urban households. The approach builds on previous experience in dealing with shocks and stresses and explicitly design programs that promote existing local adaptive capacity of households and communities. SomReP is implemented through a consortium of seven INGOs (ACF, ADRA, CARE, COOPI, DRC, Oxfam and WVI) with the Technical Unit housed under World Vision Somalia for the coordination and provision of technical support/direction to the program. These seven international organizations have deep experience in Somalia and jointly aim to build resilient households and communities across Somaliland, Puntland and South-Central Somalia using their own potential and abilities other than depending on hand-outshandouts. This ambitious approach was adopted to foster synergies on approaches and promote best practices by different members to better support the communities.
SomReP has secured funding from DFAT to promote resilience through strengthening the capacity of the targeted populations at the household and community level to respond to and deal with a myriad of shocks and stress factors. SomRep utilizes a G-CVCA approach to conduct participatory and gender-based climate vulnerability needs assessment. G-CVCA is a detailed contextual analysis of climate change vulnerability and adaptive capacity of people’s livelihoods through climate change lens that takes into account specific social and gender inequalities as well as governance issues of disaster risk reduction. G-CVCA is an extensive and participatory engagement process where community knowledge on climate is assessed and the same is complemented with desk-based research, the findings are then finally shared with the community for review and validation. The processes of information gathering and community engagement serve to build local knowledge on climate issues and design appropriate strategies to enable them adapt to the changing context.
Gender-sensitive Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (G-CVCA ) is a powerful tool that allow both communities and project staff to understand the gender based vulnerabilities that arise as a result of climate change and analyze communities’ own capacity to adapt to these changes and build resilience to disasters. By combining local knowledge with scientific data, the process builds people’s understanding of climate risks and adaptation strategies as well as provide a framework for dialogue between communities and other stakeholders. The overarching objective of G-CVCA is to provide a solid foundation for the identification of practical strategies to facilitate community-based adaptation to climate change.
G-CVCA is a participatory process that provides a framework for analysis of gender-based climate vulnerabilities and communities’ capacity to adapt to climate change and build resilience to disasters. The G-CVCA brings together local stakeholders in an empowering learning process that results in tangible but flexible action plans that addresses vulnerability to climate change. It is a process of building community ownership that enhances community dialogue and generates new knowledge. G-CVCA focuses on 1) climate risk, capacity and livelihood analysis; 2) gender and diversity analysis; 3) community institutional analysis 4) analysis of relevant local policies, assessments, plans and other gender-climate strategies , all these will enable the community to understand climate related hazards, risks and existing response strategies for different groups identified by the community.
The objectives of the G-CVCA are:
The G-CVCA is seven-stage process that starts with 1) deciding on the questions one wants to answer in the G-CVCA , 2) deciding what data one needs to answer the questions, 3) checking if there are already data to help answer the questions and identifying the data gaps, 4) selecting or drafting appropriate tools to collect the needed data, 5) gathering and analyzing the data, 6) validating the data, and finally, 7) documenting and dissemination.
SomReP therefore seeks the services of the qualified and dynamic G-CVCA consultant(s) to facilitate all the seven stages and train project staff on G-CVCA processes and how they can implement it and sustain the gains.
The consultant is expected to provide technical guidance and operational leadership to conduct the GCVCA and CAAP. The processes includes development/selection of data collection tools, training of staffs, conducting assessment, data analysis, results validation, reporting writing and development of community action adaptation plans (CAAPs). It is expected that the consultant will conduct the assignment jointly with ACF trained staff and government officers will facilitate the implementation of G-CVCA in under the supervision of the consultant supported by the SomReP CBDRM Advisor.
The specific objectives of the Assignment are:
The G-CVCA and CAAPs will cover all villages DFAT 7 projects Elbarde districts under DFAT project. The Villages Elbarde town, Salkudhoble, Oondheere, Lawareg, Hiirey, Ayeyo, Dhabariibi, Qabsey, Danshood and Atto in Elbarde. The scope of work for the consultant(s) shall include: conducting hands-on training on G-CVCA, analyzing the communities’ and households’ vulnerability to climate change and their adaptive capacity to adapt to climate change and build resilience to disasters, assessing community knowledge on climate as a complement to scientific data to achieve greater understanding of the local impacts of climate change on different groups in a community (men, women, boys and girls), developing CAAPs, and reviewing and validating G-CVCA and CAAP findings with government.
The hands-on training of ACF and district staff on implementation of the G-CVCA shall occur prior to commencement of the data collection exercise. The training will cover all the seven steps of G-CVCA including the development of CAAP.
The consultant is also expected to lead the data collection and analysis phases, which will mainly focus on analyzing the communities and households’ vulnerability to climate change and their adaptive capacity to adapt to climate change and build resilience to disasters. This process will be particularly important for the staff to acquire skills on how they can select and adapt the tools for conducting a G-CVCA. In addition, it will help the staff to acquire skills on how they collect, organize, and analyze data. For communities, this exercise will be important for them to articulate and understand their own vulnerabilities and capacities in the face of climate change and natural disasters, evaluate options that may help prevent or mitigate the negative impacts of climate change and increase the resilience of at risk population and systems by strengthening their capacity to adapt to change.
The consultant(s) and trained participants will jointly conduct assessment of community knowledge on climate as a complement to scientific data to achieve greater understanding of the local impacts of climate change on different groups (men, women, boys and girls) in the community. This exercise is very important for trained staff to acquire hands-on skills on how they can analyse knowledge, resources (capacities) and strategies available to communities to address or reduce these risks and support the community to develop adaptation plan. For communities and local stakeholders, this is particularly important as it helps them to understand the implications of climate change for the livelihoods of women and men, girls and boys, so that they are, better able to analyse risks and plan for community-based adaptation. Thus, the participatory exercises and associated discussions ensures that there is a linkage of the knowledge generated from different groups in a community to available scientific information on climate change.
The ultimate result of the G-CVCA assessment is the development of the CAAP. The consultant(s) is expected to lead the process of developing a CAAP at community level. The consultant(s) will develop CAAPs per district and regions, which will feed into the institutional Disaster Management Framework. The exercise will be done jointly with trained staff and will be supported by the SomReP’s CBDRM Advisor who will co-facilitate in the CAAP development, analysis and prioritization process fine-tuned.
The consultant with support of SomReP CBDRM Advisor will review and validate G-CVCA and CAAP findings with the government staff. This is particularly important for buy-in and ownership of the Disaster Management Frameworks. The consultant(s) will therefore present brief customized G-CVCA reports for district review in district level validation workshop.
The Consultant(s) will be under the recruitment of ACF Somalia. The consultant(s) will report to the ACF head of department of Food security and Livelihood and SomRep CBDRM technical advisor. The two shall be responsible for the overall management of the G-CVCA exercise in close consultation with ACF logistics and Finance department.
The following deliverables are expected from the consultant:
All the reports are expected to be written in simple English language and must be comprehensive. The consultant shall provide all the data materials associated with the assessment including transcripts of the FGDs, KIIs, photographs and ethical approval etc. The final report should be well edited and should incorporate all comments and corrections if any. Completed checklists, case stories, quotes, photos have to be submitted to SomReP.
ACF will facilitate any travel logistics including, access to operational area, flights and accommodation. The lead consultant is expected to be available to spend approximately 20 days in project impact area for data collection preparation, collection and debrief in the month of September 2020 (subject to refinement at contract stage).
The consultant will be responsible for his or her own insurances, vaccinations, health, and security preparedness. The Security situation in the project impact area has remained relatively calm even though occasionally some places have experienced pockets of attacks. There have not been any record of any major armed conflict incidents, over the past months though.
Proposals from Consultants should include the following information (at a minimum)
A technical expert with sufficient knowledge and experience in disaster risk management, climate change adaptation, livelihoods analysis and participatory assessments is recommended for this assignment. The technical expert should have competencies in facilitating multi-stakeholder workshops, developing and revising participatory data collection tools, coaching and mentoring community facilitators, ensuring gender sensitivity/inclusion and conducting thorough desk reviews, integrating literature with research findings and writing high quality and analytical reports. He/she should have:
Applications from qualified firms/individuals should be submitted by 10th August, 2020 to firstname.lastname@example.org